I was finally able to get a better close-up of the back using a lightbox! Thanks for your patience. I think you may be surprised at what the details show...I know that I was! Does not look like embroidery after all?
"Lorelei, I am surprised at the first and 3rd photos being chemical lace ...never would have guessed those! The other two yes,
I will try to take a better close-up of the back of the lace collar in the next day or two and post…"
"You are quite right it does look as though the fabric has been cut away from the back, (would still love a look at the back). This leaving the motifs joined without any bars or other means of attachment. On reflection, as there is a variation of…"
"Chemical lace would look quite different from this. If you click on each of these photos, above, you will see enough detail to distinguish. When I first looked at Jill's photos of the whole piece, I also thought of chemical lace as a…"
"It could but if you can tell it has been cut from fabric then it may still be machine embroidered and finished by hand. Much early machine made lace was fineshed by hand in various ways. With added embellishment or by cutting away the backing…"
"My thoughts are that it could be chemical lace possibly made in France or Switzerland. The lace is formed by an embroidery machine on a disolvable background. In the past it is known that some hand finising was performed on this kind of lace.…"
"Yes, your new photo does help. The backside of the buttonhole stitch does look like hand made buttonhole should look. And the green marks show some more frayed fabric ends. The purple area looks like satin stitch done in blocks. And the pink area…"
"Good to see the back - but still a bit too fuzzy to see details. However, I'm leaning toward hand made.
There is a fine line between "embroidery" and "lace" in a piece like this. Wherever thread is pulled, stitched, or…"
"Hi, Thanks so much for your reply. Yes, that makes total sense about the cutwork embroidery, I never thought of that....Is the buttonhole stitch center considered lace? I am adding a a close-up showing the front and back.…"
"I agree with Administrator. It looks like a very fine piece of cutwork embroidery, which uses some of the same stitches as needle lace, but on a piece of fabric instead of on a constructed thread foundation. The circled flower centers look like a…"
"I think this piece is an embroidery. At least some parts of it are hand embroidery.
The element inside the red rings is a hand woven element that often occurs in geometric cutwork, such as Hardanger.
The blue lines follow what looks like buttonhole…"
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