For discussions of lace history and lace identification.  You can post a photo into a comment box for a lace you want to discuss.  Bobblin lace history.  About historic lace. Kinds of lace.  Distinguish types of lace.

We can identify a piece of lace for you, but we need good detail.  At least one photo with this kind of detail is necessary.  Otherwise we are just guessing.  A shot of the whole thing is useful because that shows us the style.  Style gives us clues to date and possibly geographical origin.  But we need the detail shot to tell us how it was made.

Members: 130
Latest Activity: on Tuesday

Examples + Resources


Jean Leader's new website, different types of lace -

To compare needle lace, tatting and crochet, Kathleen Minniti's sampler.

My antique lace boards on Pinterest 

My collection of boards on Pinterest 

Jo Edkins lace collection online:

Laces compared:

A university based website specializing in the social history attached to lacemaking


 Bobbin lace    antiquebobbinlace     bobbinlace3     Needle lace    needlelace2 

For recognizing Swedish bobbin lace:

Tatting     tatting2   tatting3      

Filet lace    filetlace2    filetlace3   filet lace4    Buratto 

Sol lace   sollace2   sol lace3

Knitted lace    knittedlace2     Crochet lace        Irish crochet lace      IrishCrochet2      


Bobbin tape lace  bobbin tape lace 2   

Mixed tape lace-machinetape      Romanian needlepoint lace  


Embroidery on tulle-needlerun      Embroidery on tulle-tambour        Carrickmacross  



This is what it takes to make a cloth stitch strip with a machine. I don't know which machine this is. ;

Chemical lace   ChemicalLace2  chemical lace3     chemical lace4     

See this for a technical explanation of the chemical lace process.

Barmen machine lace        Raschel machine lace     Leavers machine

machine1 (not sure what machine) a booklet which purports to distinguish machine from hand made laces. Some of the diagrams of typical machine structural elements are quite good. But too many of the comparison photos do not have enough detail to verify whether they are in fact machine made or hand made. The photos don't all show the individual threads. Still, the booklet is useful for the diagrams and descriptions of the various machine laces.




The Koon collection CD is a collection of images from the Eunice Sein Koon
Collection of Lace donated to IOLI by Ms. Koon. Ms. Koon was the editor of
Lace Craft Quarterly and a collector of lace.  It is not related to the
Minnesota collection to the best of my knowledge.  The CD is a series of
Powerpoint slides organized as the collection pieces are numbered.  There
are approximately 100 pieces of various types of lace in the Koon
collection.  Pictures from the CD could be copied and pasted into another
Powerpoint presentation, or the images could be used to request pieces of
lace from the collection for study by IOLI members.  Policy for use of this
lace is described on p. 58 of the IOLI Member Handbook. -- Jo Ann Eurell


The IOLI - Internation Organization of Lace, Inc. has a study box of lace fragments that members can borrow.  

(I am searching for a link)

IOLI also has a lending library for members' use

A site with good photos of high quality antique laces: ;

Discussion Forum

Lacemaking history 5 Replies

Please, does anyone know for sure how lace tokens were used in Great Britain in the 1700s?I have read theories that the tokens were given in lieu of governmental coinage due to a coin shortage, but…Continue

Started by Laurie Elliott. Last reply by Laurie Elliott on Tuesday.

Need help identifying antique needle-made/tape lace from curtain

I have a group of 5 pieces of this wonderful antique lace, one of which was originally applied to an old, stretchy bobbin-net curtain and the rest were part of the collection.  The wides piece is…Continue

Started by Jeanne B Jun 13.

Lace maker? 5 Replies

This is a little different kind of ID, a question sent to me by a friend - Could this needlework picture perhaps show the woman making lace on a pillow - what do you think?…Continue

Started by Carolyn Wetzel. Last reply by Lorelei Halley Administrator May 30.

More Spanish lace 2 Replies

While pondering the previous lace dress, I came across this piece. I feel that the design is a very Spanish looking one. But is there a name for this kind of design? Any information about where it…Continue

Started by Devon Thein. Last reply by Lorelei Halley Administrator May 23.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Identification-History to add comments!

Comment by Nancy A. Neff on June 22, 2018 at 7:30am

Carolina is right:  twist twice the two pairs coming in, do a half-reef knot with the inside bobbins of each pair, then twist twice with the outside pairs. The only thing I disagree with is that I think there are two twists in the vertical outside pairs between the horizontal bars formed by the half-reef knot, but in many instances it's rather hard to tell--it looks to me like the lace has been washed, and perhaps ironed.

Comment by Carolina de la Guardia on June 20, 2018 at 7:34pm

Lorelei I am not speaking of half stitch but a half knot or maybe you call it a half reef knot. This is what it is curious and different. As Devon says probably to imitate needlelace.

The two inners bobbins (threads) are half knotted, then one twist with the outer bobbin at each side. The stitch is the result of repeating three times these moves.

It can be put a pin in the middle between every step, to get the hole more visible but it is not absolutely necessary.

Comment by Lorelei Halley Administrator on June 20, 2018 at 4:46pm

I think that what Carolina is suggesting is a pinchain (used in Bucks). You do a stack of half stitches, with an extra twist between each cross. ctt ctt ctt  But your photo doesn't look like that. I will try to find an example.

Comment by Carolina de la Guardia on June 19, 2018 at 1:54pm

Devon, I stayed in N.Y. for three days and just wanted to say hello.

And yes, I wanted to mean “clasify”.

This is what I think about the filling...

Two pairs: Half knot with the inner threads, one twist every pair. This repeated three times. I like the result, I shall try to use it in some next design.

Comment by Lorelei Halley Administrator on June 19, 2018 at 1:36pm

Your 1st piece today does look like Milanese. The double braids are the feature that suggests this, according to Santina Levey. And the fillings in this one are definitely bobbin lace. The plain looking fillings appear to be something like Mechlin or droschel ground. And of course, some have tallies instead of the stack of half stitches.

Comment by Lorelei Halley Administrator on June 19, 2018 at 1:30pm

The 2nd one you posted today (with several photos) -- the fillings inside the tape look like corded twisted buttonhole stitch, in groups of 3. I see nothing which suggests a bobbin lace filling. Also, I don't see anything that definitively makes it Milanese. I find it very hard to distinguish Milanese and Flemish tape laces. 

Comment by Laura Sandison on June 19, 2018 at 9:30am

My thought is bobbin lace for sure. The tape is worked as a cloth tape, but with an interesting compensation at the inner curves. Rather than dropping one pair at a time, there are several that are picked up when the tape comes around. Inner fillings are a curiosity! But appear to come from pairs within the tape. It does seem that the joins are added later. Perhaps after the tape is filled, they are added, as a pair, and taken around to join the motives. There are so many ends that this seems reasonable.  What interesting pieces!  The one yesterday I feel the same about. Perhaps those heavy, twisted outline pair are to represent the padding on gros point?

Comment by Devon Thein on June 19, 2018 at 8:20am

Here is another one, where the appearance of needle lace is done even better! 

I think it is really bobbin lace, though. But I can't figure out how they do it. I can see two pairs coming in. Somehow, one of each pair interact, But it isn't a simple cross. Is it a more elaborate interaction where you hold the bobbins in your hand and cross them several times like tying a bow? Then the pairs resume, twist, perhaps twice. Then they do the elaborate interaction between one bobbin of each pair. Then they resume, twist. Then the elaborate interaction. I can't really figure it out. But I don't think it is needle lace. Can anyone else figure it out? Maybe they have seen this before? 

Comment by Devon Thein on June 19, 2018 at 7:49am


Sorry I missed you the other day. 

Here is another one with a coarse thread. When you say "sort" do you mean classify? It seems to be Milanese trying to look like Mezzo Punto.

Comment by Carolina de la Guardia on June 19, 2018 at 12:08am

Devon, how do you sort out this 17nth. century piece? 

It seems to me a continuous braid Milanese lace but I had never seen before the thick thread worked at the edges of the braid....


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