For those who love hand made lace.
There is a piece in the museum which appears to be made into a dress skirt of the 1890s, although I think that it might have started out as a mantilla or several mantillas. It seems to me that because it is a black point ground lace, a black blonde with large motifs that it is most likely a lace from the early to middle of the 19th century. In 1820, 1830, large motifs were popular. Black laces were quite popular in the mid-19th century. But our classification system says it is an 18th century piece. It seems to me that blonde originated in the late 18th century and at that time it had rather small motifs. So, I am confused about why someone thought it was 18th century. But, previous classification of the collection is quite good and I am wondering if I have missed something that identified this as 18th century to a previous cataloger.
Does anyone have any insight as to why this was considered to be 18th century?
Here are more photos
As I've put on Arachne,
One can't argue with Laura's dates for the painters or subjects of the paintings. That clearly puts her examples in the 18th century. But those laces did hot need to be black blonde or Chantilly. They could have been something else entirely. The paintings don't give enough detail to certify that black blonde was made in the 18th century. The paintings only prove that black lace was being made in Spain in the 18th century.
I am not at all sure about when point ground laces began. They certainly were dominant during the 19th century. But how far back in time is a question. I could believe late 18th century, but early 18th? No. Middle 18th -- a question. Point ground laces were an attempt to make lace faster. Less work than Mechlin ground or any snowflake ground. Although machines to make lace were invented in the late 18th century - 1780s ?? - They would not have immediately provoked the development of handmade competitive laces.
As to Devon's question, I don't see any reason to think the piece is 18th century. The motif shapes don't look like what I've seen from the 18th century. I think your date is much more likely. But there are places where it looks like the ground was sewn onto the sewing edge of the motifs, which suggests part lace construction. Can you verify that the ground threads actually go into the motif, or are they just sewn onto the edges of the motifs?
I agree with Lorelei that Laura's examples are intriguing, but not very clear. The first one where she speaks of a bracelet with lace above it looks like the bracelet and the lace are a point ground lace where the point ground is invisible, much like a 19th century chantilly. I can't see anything in Levey like this. But, I think a significant aspect of the lace is the size of the motifs which seem most like the blondes of the 1820s and 1830s. Earlier we had a discussion on arachne and more or less came to a conclusion that it was in the late 18th century that point ground arose, and then in the context of very small motifs. Since my original posting, I have heard that the dress front is more like the fashion of about 1905 than the 19th century. I am uploading some photos of close-ups so that Lorelei can see the way the threads go in and out. Any information is gratefully received.
I agree that the motif shapes of the 3rd example is very much like Blonde of the 1st half of the 19th century. The other 2 examples don't give me any certainty, unfortunately. The green stars are near connections which may be motif threads moving into the ground -- normal point ground technique. But the red rings show connections which really look like sewings -- where ground threads were hooked onto the motif edge. And sometimes these are right next to each other. Baffling.